The three components of subjective time: memorizing the past (conscious memory, the subliminal and the unconscious), the generation of presence (construing the “now”) and the future (expectance of new experiences, enterprises and endeavours) play a fundamental role in the genesis of resignation and grief. In psychopathology the different aspects of the “final pathway depression” as a complex syndrome are often not clearly discriminated, since e.g. resignation has to be distinguished from melancholia and endogenous depression.
Prototypes to describe three time-related modes of affective states are trauma-induced disorders, e.g. the post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for the past, melancholia for the presence, especially in separation-conditions and due to the loss of familiarity, and resignation in relation to the future, especially in patients with a poor prognosis of a disorder.
The time-related aspects of emotional problems are discussed under the perspective of the “internal value balance” (Emrich) and the psychology of coping with the past.
Hinderk M. Emrich, born 1943; 1968 MD University of Bern; 1968 PhD University of Munich; 1972 Habilitation in Molecular Neurobiology Technical University of Berlin; 1973–1974 patho-physiological studies at the Pediatric Hospital, University Munich in collaboration with the Department of Physiology; 1975–1978 Postgraduate training in psychiatry, neurology, and clinical psychopharmacology; 1979–1987 Group and later Department Leader of clinical psychopharmacology at the Max Planck Institute for Psychiatry; 1991–1992 Fellow at the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin; 1992–2008 Chair of the Department of Psychiatry at the Medical School, Hannover; several guest professorships, e.g. at the Universität Witten-Herdecke and the Deutsche Film- und Fernsehakademie Berlin. Publications include: Psychiatrische Anthropologie – Therapeutische Bedeutung von Phantasiesystemen (1990); Vom Nutzen des Vergessens (1996); Welche Farbe hat der Montag? – Synästhesie: Das Leben mit verknüpften Sinnen (2001); Psyche und Transzendenz (2002); On Time Experience in Depression – Dominance of the Past (2004); Emotional Time, Creativity, and Consciousness: On Time Experience in Depression (2005); Identität als Prozeß (2007); Texte zu Rilke (2008).